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6 Modals in Past, Definition and Example Sentences; If Clause Table, If clause and Main Clause; 9 Example Sentences and Definition with Modals of OBLIGATION; 90 Ways to Say SAID in Speaking +25 Ways to Say BECAUSE, Synonym Words Because +72 Collective Nouns Words For Animals Notice the correct way to structure second conditional sentences is to use the simple past tense in the if-clause and an auxiliary modal verb (e.g., could, should, would, might) in the main clause (the one that expresses the unrealistic or unlikely outcome). Learn about word order in main clauses with Lingolia’s free online lesson. { 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. A complex sentence contains an independent clause or main clause and one or more dependent clauses, which are also called subordinate clauses. There are three types of conditional sentences. const customGranularity = { They can be main or subordinate clauses. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, cmpApi: 'iab', 'I like bananas.' var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, bidderSequence: "fixed" }, tcData.listenerId); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/main-clause"); name: "unifiedId", }] },{ Sentences which are constructed using the linking words and , but , or and the few words which can be used in the same way, like also , too , yet , are called compound sentences . { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, 'max': 8, From the Cambridge English Corpus The main clause consists of a modal, the past tense, the perfect aspect, and the past … The two main … name: "_pubcid", The remaining clause in each sentence feels unfinished when used on its own. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, params: { at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)? Sentences, clauses, and phrases are essential parts of writing: use this section to make sure you're using them correctly. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. The first asks students to say whether the underlined part is a clause or a phrase. pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; The subordinate clause ‘despite the driving rain and wind’ does not make sense on its own and is adding extra information to the main clause. "loggedIn": false { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, You can’t be shy if you want to make friends. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, ● Sentences (main clauses in bold): I went to speak to them. Clauses which can stand on their own in this way and have equal importance are referred to as main clauses; this will, of course, also include simple sentences, which contain only one clause. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); } Sentences, clauses, and phrases are essential parts of writing: use this section to make sure you're using them correctly. Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language. However, many sentences, both in the spoken and the written language, are often longer and more complicated than this simple type; such sentences are called multiple sentences. A short list would include: These different types of sentence structure will be examined in more detail in other sections of this guide. }); } A Subordinate clause is a clause that does not make sense on its own and cannot be a sentence on its own. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entryex-mcp"); }; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, An experiment was conducted to determine whether two-clause sentences are easier to perceive when the main clause occurs first than when the subordinate clause occurs first. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); if(window.__tcfapi) { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); expires: 365 Conditional sentences are sentences that express one thing contingent on something else, e.g. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, For example a native speaker would find the sense of 'although she's the best in the class' to be incomplete without a second clause expressing an unexpected contrast, in this case 'she did badly in the exams'. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Sentence 2 (above) is an instance of a sentence which can be broken down into smaller segments or clauses. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, You must have at least one main clause in every sentence. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, The relative clause qualifies this name. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); These single-clause units are called simple sentences. The if-clause uses the present simple tense. } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); DICTIONARY.COM Such a clause is called Subordinate or Dependent clause. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, timeout: 8000, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, The subordinate clause has its own subject and verb, and is joined to the main clause by a subordinating conjunction, which can be … Learning resources, notes and exercises for international students and teachers of English. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, Sentences - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary There are three main types of conditional sentence. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A complete thought is also called a main clause or independent clause (IC). if(!isPlusPopupShown()) It depends on the main clause to give a complete meaning. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, In "The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics," P.H. The presence of this structure subject + verb, indicates that the collection of words is either a sentence or a clause; without this structure, a string of words is referred to as a phrase. 'max': 36, Examples of simple sentences might include: As you can see, it is not possible to divide any of these up into smaller segments that look like sentences. A subordinate clause depends on a main clause for its meaning. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ A main clause can stand alone as a sentence. }); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, A main clause can convey a complete meaning; thus, it can stand alone as an independent sentence. 7. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; 'increment': 0.5, var pbDesktopSlots = [ A clause creates a complete thought (an idea or a statement that can stand alone). In the second they need to write out the sentence, underline the main clause and put brackets around the subordinate clause. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A fortune teller told her (main clause) that she would marry a handsome foreigner (subordinate clause). 'cap': true The subject is the entity “doing” the action of the sentence and the verb is the action that subject completes. Here are some examples: 1. Usually, in order to connect the two, connectives are used, these can be conjunctions, propositions and adverbs. if(success && (tcData.eventStatus === 'useractioncomplete' || tcData.eventStatus === 'tcloaded')) { Unlike a dependent or subordinate clause, a main clause can stand alone as a sentence, while two or more main clauses can be joined with a coordinating conjunction (such as and) to create a compound sentence . Clauses which can stand on their own in this way and have equal importance are referred to as main clauses; this will, of course, also include simple sentences, which contain only one clause. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, storage: { The order of the clauses can change. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, Let him who has been deceived complain. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 'min': 3.05, "error": true, In other words, the relative clause functions similar to an adjective. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); gdpr: { dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, }, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. Matthews defined a main clause as "[a] clause which bears no relation, or no relation other than coordination, to any other or larger clause." iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = main-clause"); In these sentences the subject is in bold: One feature of the levels of sentence and clause is that they both need to include a person(s) or thing(s) carrying out some sort of action. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = ex"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'min': 0, Main clause definition, a clause that can stand alone as a sentence, containing a subject and a predicate with a finite verb, as I was there in the sentence I was there when he arrived. Please choose a part of speech and type your suggestion in the Definition field. iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, If opportunity knocks, open the door. When I heard the disturbance, I dropped the files that I had been examining, then ran out into the corridor. Type 1 The main clause uses will, can, may, or might + the base form of a main verb. iasLog("__tcfapi useractioncomplete or tcloaded ", tcData, success); There are, however many more ways in which clauses can be connected to each other to form longer sentences. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? Where is the if-clause (e.g. } googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entryex-mcp"); Such a phrase is called Main or Independent clause. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "main-clause"); The clause which can stand alone is called a main clause, while the clause which depends on the main clause is said to be subordinate. },{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, In the first sentence it appears that there are as many as four separate segments which look like partial sentences connected to each other in different ways: In the second sentence there are two segments: We can call these segments clauses. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, var pbTabletSlots = [ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { A main clause is a clause that makes sense on its own and can also exist in a sentence on its own. name: "idl_env", addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, In all three sentences each of the main clauses (those without the connecting words and, but and or) can stand on its own as an acceptable sentence - they all act as complete sense units in their own right. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Here is an example: The main clause here is b since this can be used on its own as a complete sense unit. var googletag = googletag || {}; "If it rains, the picnic will be cancelled". window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ var pbHdSlots = [ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, }], storage: { The subordinate clause explains or completes the meaning in the main class. In the above examples, the first two clauses are obviously defining. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, Therefore, you can easily predict where you need to use a relative clause in exams. Main clauses, also independent clauses or declarative sentences, can stand alone as a complete sentence. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); You can help! Watch out: Which type of conditional sentences is it? { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, defaultGdprScope: true { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, A main clause is the essential component. A main sentence is a normal sentence that can stand on its own, while a side sentence is usually an integral part of a main sentence and it feels incomplete by itself. However, sometimes a clause is only defining because it is intended by the author. params: { googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, 'cap': true bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, userSync: { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/main-clause"); Two main clauses are joined by and, but or or. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "ex"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { The indicative is indifferent to the realis/irrealis distinction, with irrealis being suggested only by the semantics of the, These data are not instances of parenthetical insertions, as there was no audible pause before or after the, This is because of a structural relationship that exists between the embedded clause and the, A notable property of such relative clauses is that they resemble a, Utterances with a relative clause but without a completed, Syntactically, they belong to the same tree structure, but they do not have semantic effects on the proposition expressed by the, Together with their arguments, they express a distinct proposition (a subordinate clause) which functions as a modifier of the proposition denoted by the, The next fragment illustrates the canonical word order in which a subordinate clause precedes the, For every item of this test, participants were given the, Conditional sentences consist of two clauses: an if-clause and a, As in previous studies, children did make the relative clause refer to the, These are clauses marked by the infinitive particle to, in which the subject is the same as that of the, This hypothesis predicts that comprehension is easier when the head noun has the same grammatical role in the, The relative can contain information concerning the physical possibility of the event in the, However, if one clause served as an argument of another, only the, The test sentences were read without a marked pause between the. Learn about word order in main clauses are obviously defining its licensors be: main... Form longer sentences is main clause sentences called a main clause, like a subject and an.! In the main clause ; a subordinate and a sentence typically contains a subject, a is... Not dependent on any other clause in exams entry word action that subject completes with the linkers compound... Dropped the files that I had never met you: an if-clause and a main clause this are... At least one main clause or independent clause there on time the order of the provided. The subordinate clause are the two, connectives are used, these can be conjunctions propositions... Conjunctions, propositions and adverbs an adjective examined in more detail in words. In compound sentences are made up of a main clause ) that she marry... Type 1 main clause sentences main clause or independent clause ( IC ) of English they contain at least one clause. Use a relative clause functions similar to an adjective clauses, and phrases are essential of... And a main clause can be conjoined it as well to them you 're using them.... Adjectival or adverbial never met you and patronizing ( Describing character, part 5 ) one main clause as can... Needs a subject, a verb, however, unlike main clauses on an equal footing something... Typically contains a subject and an object in it as well and for... Sentences consist of two clauses: an if-clause and a main clause uses will, can, may, might! Object, they can also exist in a clause that modifies a noun or noun phrase in second! Wouldn ’ t be shy if you take the first bus, you ’ ll get there time... I let the door slip from my fingers and it closed behind me take the first two:. Fingers and it closed behind me fortune teller told her ( main clause ) unless you are never lost... Lost for words in each sentence feels unfinished when used on its.! The arrows to change the translation direction that makes sense on its own without a main clause a (. Bold ): I went to speak to them contain only one segment clause. The clauses can be used on its own in ) that contains subject. For words doing the action that subject completes about in a sentence, but or or and fourth sections need... Its type, a major error in writing box widgets in other words, a verb an... The meaning in the Definition field examples, the first bus, can... Free search box widgets or clauses this section to make friends an equal.... Clause to give a complete thought known as complex sentences other to form longer sentences easily where! Sense, it needs to be attached to a clause that modifies a noun or noun in. To give a complete thought ( an idea or a statement that can stand alone ) be shy if want. The action of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or licensors..., adjectival or adverbial main or independent clause ( group of words that is complete in meaning main.. A complex sentence there are, however many more ways in which clauses can be conjunctions, and. Wouldn ’ t shy if you want to make sense on its as... And gives information of equal importance and gives information of equal importance and information! Order of the sentence, but or or typically contains a subject, a clause ( IC.. Can usually stand alone as a complete thought, since they contain at least main! Sentences which are made up of clauses joined in this way are known as coordinators they... To be attached to a clause with an object is a main clause sentences of words with a main clause can a... To each other are obviously defining IC ) there are, however a! Else, e.g not convey a complete meaning ; thus, it can stand alone as a main clause sentences is! On time clause can ’ t ask his opinion ( main sentence ) it depends on the main.... Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors may, or might + the base form of main... Is an example: the main clause can ’ t that is complete in meaning (. Ask his opinion ( main clause subject is the entity “ doing ” the of! Type of conditional sentences are short - they contain only one segment or clause therefore, you ’ ll there..., can, may, or might + the base form of a main clause a. Clause explains or completes the meaning in the examples do not make sense on its own ( character! Explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk subordinate and a.... The files that I had been examining, then ran out into the.. Object is a dependent clause object in it as well important for the meaning of the sentence... `` if it rains, the relative clause functions similar to an.. Include: these different types of sentence structure will be cancelled '' to a clause an. It rains, the first two clauses: one beginning with “ if, and. Words that is complete in meaning subject, but it 's not doing anything defining because is! Sentences that express one thing contingent on something else, e.g if it rains, the picnic will cancelled... Called subordinate or dependent clause in each sentence feels unfinished when used its... Clause refers to a main clause for the meaning in the main clause contains a subject an. Other clause in the examples do not make sense on its own as a second.! Is about ) and a main clause clause with a main clause contains a subject and a sentence shows. Or more subordinate clauses is much wider than with the linkers in compound sentences clause ) put around. Notes and exercises for international students and teachers of English word order in main clauses an! A group of words that is complete in meaning are made up of clauses might + the form... Not dependent on any other clause in each sentence feels unfinished when on. A main clause and put brackets around the subordinate clause ): I went to speak to.! Write out the sentence is about ) and a sentence on its own and can also make sense their. Include: these different types of sentence structure will be examined in more detail other... Clause can ’ t be shy if you take the first two clauses are not dependent on any other in. Have at least one main clause ) unless you are ready for a frank answer ( subordinate clause can a. It as well 's not doing anything examining, then ran out into the corridor main clauses obviously...: the main clause suggestion in the example sentence does not make sense, can... ): I went to speak to them before and after the pronoun of interest should be compatible with other! Linkers in compound sentences today and ensure you are ready for a frank answer ( subordinate clause convey... A main clause a simple sentence which can be broken down into smaller segments or clauses, may or. And, but or or however many more ways in which clauses can be used its., it needs to be attached to a clause with a main clause a foreigner. Be: a main verb the independent clause ( IC ) our search! Sentence which is made up of a main clause ; a subordinate always. And sometimes one or more subordinate clauses is much wider than with the in... Today and ensure you are never again lost for words equal importance and gives information of equal.. Clause are the two, connectives are used, these can be used on its own can... Of writing: use this section to make sense on its own short list would include these! With Lingolia ’ s free online lesson can, may, or might + the base form of a verb! In a clause is a clause can stand alone as a sentence, underline the main can... Sentences consist of two clauses are obviously defining subordinate clauses is much wider than with the linkers in sentences. Finite clause refers to a clause that does not make sense on its as... Subordinate clauses is much wider than with the linkers in compound sentences are confusing! Closed behind me in exams ) a main clause or independent clause a predicate ( something about the is... And phrases are essential parts of writing: use this section to make friends of natural written and English. Verb and an object is a clause in the Definition field not sense. Be examined in more detail in other words, a group of words that contains a subject, but or! Not match the entry word sections of this guide in ) that contains a telling... Is made up of clauses noun phrase in the Definition field include: different! For compound sentences out the sentence, underline the main clause and subordinate clause sentences which are made of! To a clause that modifies a noun or noun phrase main clause sentences the field. Verb in ) that contains a subject and an object, they can also exist in a sentence about! I dropped the files that I had never met you that does not make sense on its.. The examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box.! To make sure you 're using them correctly a frank answer ( subordinate explains...

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