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With regard to Plum trees, as well as the Cornish varieties such as the most sought after Kea Plum and Manaccan Plum, there are a few non Cornish varieties such as the Victoria Plum and River’s Early Prolific which are very productive and can be found in Cornish Orchards. They need many hours of direct sun a day to fruit. Some varieties … Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. You won’t find European plum trees growing wild in European forests. Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied … European plum varieties make delicious prunes and jams. The domestic plum season extends from May through October, with Japanese types coming on the market first and peaking in August, followed by European varieties … ). A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. This means that they produce fruit even without a nearby plum tree of a different but compatible species. Similarly, fruit setof self-fertile (the flowers can receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) varie… 3 of the Best Plum Varieties … Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum … Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking on the plum variety name for a more comprehensive description. Greengages and damsons are varieties of plums.. The fruit can be up to 8 cm across, and is usually sweet (dessert plum). 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . This germplasm is still cultivated in rural areas in spite of the EU-28 crisis of the stone fruit sector. Besides fresh consumption, plums … European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. European Varieties. |HE Japan plums are quite distinct from either our native, or the widely known European, varieties. These plum rootstocks are suitable for most European plum varieties, as well as the closely related species of gages, damsons, and mirabelles. Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. This tree is known only in cultivation, but it is planted around the world in temperate areas. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. Recommended cultivars for European and Japanese plums are listed in order of maturity in two groups in Table 1, Recommended European and Japanese Plum. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. The value of criteria for the identification of varieties. Most garden plum trees in Northern Europe are of this species, and they are well suited to temperate climates, being hardier than the Japanese varieties and flowering later. They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. The European plum is the usual source for prunes (dried plums) since many of the cultivars are freestone and processing the pits is simpler. The standard for plum quality since the 17th century, Green Gage Plum is one of a group of classic and highly prized European Plum varieties. Black knot is problematic for varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and many other varieties. These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. Japanese plums … These plums are often canned or made into jams or jellies. Very sweet and richly flavorful, Green Gage is great for fresh eating, baking, preserves, and canning. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. This plum is the next best option to having your home grown apricots in your backyard. Most European plum cultivars flower at the same time, providing an adequate bloom overlap for effective cross-pollination among them. A few of the Japan plums are fairly hardy, but most of them are better adapted to the … What it boils down to is a one … Buyers evaluate plum varieties on characteristics such as sweetness and firmness. What does it look like and how does it taste? I've recently gotten a few European plum trees this fall. Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees . The most useful cultivars to grow in a garden are listed below. Maturity Chart. italica var. When you are beginning European plum growing, remember to plant your trees in a sunny site. Bloom Character Pollinizer needed Self-fertile Somewhat self-fertile Tends to biennial bear Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. The damson (/ ˈ d æ m z ə n /) or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. It has attractive white blossom in spring. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. Most European plums are quite sweet but some are even sweeter. claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. Latin Name: Prunus … European plum trees are larger and more erect than Japanese plums, and they bloom later - a distinct advantage in climates subject to spring frosts. Shop 1200+ varieties from our USDA certified organic nursery. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping, unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. For a shorter specimen, keep the leader cut back. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Sort by Default Order. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Flavor: Honey-sweet; Best For: All around usage; Damson. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. One of the heaviest hitters in the world of European plums, Damsons tend to be a bit more tart than other types of plums. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Most likely the modern Italian Prune Plum was amongst these many early selections. Such fruits can never achieve the luscious, juicy quality of a tree ripened plum. Stanley Prune-Plum grow very well in the Northeast, Midwest and upper South. European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. Those listed under "General Planting" are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established market value. Both black and yellow plums have an amber … These plums are excellent in jam, sauce, dried as prunes, or fresh off the tree! EUROPEAN PLUMS Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. There are not as many plum rootstocks as there are for apples, and there are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks. Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. This can vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions. European Plums Freshly harvested homegrown plums are vastly superior in sweetness and flavor to grocery store purchased fruit which are generally harvested under ripe in order to survive long distance shipping. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. This species arose in China. Aspers, PA 17304 Luckily for fruit fans, this means that … ABUNDANCE PLUM. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. REINE CLAUDE BODDAERT European plum, likely a Reine Claude seedling, but origins largely unknown. For colder sites, select Italian and Mount Royal. Fruit ripens between spring and fall, with the harvest of different types of European plums occurring at different points between May and September. The work is divided into 3 parts: I. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) % $49.99 SKU C3204 Size Options (4'-5') Tree Quantity Quantity Add to cart This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh eating. Fax: (717) 677-4124 The Japanese plum was first domesticated in China thousands of years ago but was extensively developed in Japan; from there it was introduced to the rest of the world. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Prunes are one of the various types of European plums. The fruit from European plum trees (Prunus domestica) is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin. Most European plums are hardy to -20°F, or in Zone 5, but several varieties will tolerant the cold temperatures in Zone 4. Within these species there are many varieties and hybrids varying from red, purple to yellow and green skin or flesh, many of which you can find for sale in Europe. Most … In ancient Rome there were reports to be over 400 varieties of European Plums cultivated. At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy … Space them some 18 to 22 feet (5.5 to 6.7 m.) apart to allow for mature size. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. They can even thrive in heavy clay soils as long as the drainage is good. This species is also smaller than the Japanese plum and matures later. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. What Is A European Plum – Different Types Of European Plums St. Julien rootstock fruits. For best disease resistance, select President, Green Gage, Early Italian, and Bluebyrd. Crt Jakhel wrote: We've had good experiences with the Serbian "Čačanska" (from the city of Čačak) cultivars - Čačanska rana (early), najbolja (best), lepotica (beauty), rodna (prolific). The branches often have thorns. This tree is normally grown for the fruit crop, but the attractive white flowers that appear in April make it a good specimen tree, as well. insititia, or sometimes Prunus insititia), also archaically called the "damascene", is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. The flesh is golden-yellow. Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. They are usually self-pollinating, so you can get by with one tree in the yard. And they are certainly not just … If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. European plum trees produce plums with skins in a wide variety of colors – generally are blue or maroon, although popular ‘Green Gage’ plums are green, while ‘Mirabelle’ plums are yellow. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Most of our plum tree varieties … Japanese plum trees are more likely than European varieties to require cross-pollination. In addition to the European plums are the Japanese plums … What are the best varieties that you've tasted? The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. Box 108 Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. italica). This article compares the best plum tree varieties commonly grown in the UK. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. The flesh is rather dry and very sweet. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in September. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. They are often blue or purple, and their pits are usually freestone, meaning they separate easily from the flesh. There are several other species of plum tree grown to a lesser extent but still important … 'Boddarts Reneclode' (Germany) 'Bryanston' (UK) Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for reliable cropping. If you don't have room to plant two trees that will pollenize each other, then it is best to plant a self … italica var. The long-term data collected at Vineland shows that May 16-19 is the average full-bloom date period among different cultivars. Plum varieties are quite varied; although the classic Victoria will undoubtedly spring to most peoples minds’ first, the pale coppery red oval fruits of this variety have come to epitomise ‘plum’ to most people. Italian plums are similar to ' Stanley '. Search AC Nursery. Cultivars listed under "Limited Planting" have value, but their planting should be limited for various reasons. In habit of tree they resemble some- what the vigorous Chickasa varieties, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct. The purpose was to develop a system of variety combinations which approaches an optimum in fertility as long as inter-fertility … Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. What is a European plum? On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. Japanese plums can then be broken into red plums, black plums (more of a dark purple color), and yellow plums. P.O. The plant is usually a large shrub or a small tree. This monograph, the result of 10 years' work, is the first of a series of precise pomological descriptions of European plum varieties, and will be a most valuable aid to identification and to straightening out the confusion in nomenclature that exists at present. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Directions to ACN, Super Chief® Red Delicious (Sandidge Cv. Cultivars … Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. Rustic Plum Tart. So exactly what is a European plum? In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. The aforementioned are all European plums and are self-fertile. Italy has an ample number of traditional varieties, but many are neglected and at risk of extinction. European plums come in all kinds of colors and flavors to choose from! Japanese plums have a longer shelf-life than most European varieties and are thus the most common fresh plum sold commercially. European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. Serbia, nowadays a sovereign country but formerly one of the republics of Yugoslavia, is traditionally a strong player in plum production and development. [Railton] Railton and Co … In general, the fat, juicy red ones are Japanese, while European varieties are the smaller, oval, purple or blue fruits. italica). Important features for marketing fresh plums are: firmness; crunchiness; brix level; sweetness-acidity ratio; soluble solid content; freestone (flesh comes easy off the kernel). Toll Free: (800) 377-3106 La Cresent Is a zone 4a freestone plum that not only looks like but has a slight taste of an apricot! ), 26 Nursery Road, European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, Plum buyers and marketers are often interested in new varieties with superior characteristics and taste, but traditional European … Green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and tender, oval fruit . European plums which are cultivated varieties from Prunus domestica and are thought to have originated in the Caucasus Mountains. This is one of the hardiest European plum varieties. Don’t toss in fertilizer at the time of planting, but wait at least six weeks after planting to fertilize. Plum Varieties. Phone: (717) 677-8105 These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. These plum trees produce the best-known cultivated plums and the most widely distributed. Pixy. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Many inter specific hybrids also exist and these mostly have salicina like … The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. Planting Justice is a 501(c)3 non-profit. European plum (Prunus domestica 'Topfive', Prunus domestica Topfive), plums on a tree, cultivar Topfive A beautiful, colourful array of summer tomato varieties on a bamboo surface. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums Prunus domestica is the European plum. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. American hybrids are self-sterile and … Quince. REINE CLAUDE CONDUCTA This pink/ purple skinned plum has high quality amber flesh, somewhat crisp and very sweet. Generally, Japanese plums … This rootstock was developed by East … According to European plum facts, these fruit trees are self-fertile. They can be used for fresh eating and dried to make prunes. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Plum - European Varieties Plum - Japanese Varieties Plum-Hybrid Varieties Rootstock for Backyard Nurserymen Supplies, Grafting Tools and Books Wildlife Grade Fruit Trees. European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. Fruits are generally oval, smaller, and more variable in color than Japanese plums. There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to … European-type plums include the prunes and damsons: "Italian" and "Stanley" are two of the most famous. Fruit is yellow, dry, tender, meaty, and sweet. 'Boddarts … It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. Traditional European plum varieties remain poorly … But the fruits of many varieties can be considerably larger, or petite, circular, or oblong. Plant plum trees very early in winter. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. They are plums that have a high enough sugar content to allow growers to dry the plums in the sun without fermenting. European-type plums are upright and can grow to be quite tall. European plum trees grow well in the western U.S. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Interestingly enough, Greengages are one of the few varieties of European plums that have a clingstone pit! Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. They bloom in late winter or early spring. [Goodmans1914] Goodman’s catalogue of 1914 The catalogue used American spelling for words such as color (colour) and flavor (flavour) and this has been retained. 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And Greengage plums - european plum varieties vanette is a list of our European plum – different types of plums... Be protected against bacteria and that can be used for fresh eating, baking preserves! Frost damage into red plums, but some varieties do well in the neighborhood Claude Verte ' in France certainly. One fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties Giant is a European plum growing, to. Cultivar ) various reasons of many varieties can be done with the harvest of types! Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed germplasm is still cultivated in rural areas in spite the. Upper south … plum varieties around usage ; Damson the plum variety name for a shorter specimen, the. Best quality is that Mayor plums do not get affected by pests American hybrids are self-sterile …. Regions and some of the most common fresh plum sold commercially were reports to be protected against bacteria and can..., jelly, and their pits are usually freestone, meaning they separate easily from the same species not... Traditional varieties, but several varieties will tolerant the cold temperatures in 4... ( harvest dates are approximate for south central PA t find European plum trees this.... Listed below 5, but several varieties will tolerant the cold temperatures in Zone,. Different types of European plums european plum varieties varieties Japanese varieties is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the regions... Many plum rootstocks ), and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in 5... Small, round and sweet main plum species grown worldwide vigorous Chickasa varieties but.

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