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Work with us to find the right equipment for your plastics and elastomers testing needs Check out our Polymer Sector Review! Ein Elastomer ist eine Art Polymer. Elastomer … Following its introduction, the usage of Viton spread quickly to other industries including the automotive, appliance, chemical, and fluid power industries thanks to its natural resistance to both fuel and oil. made from polymers joined by chemical bonds with a slightly cross-linked structure Physical Properties An elastomer has a special property: elasticity Polymers have different properties such as elasticity and plasticity. Along with this progress are some changes to their lifestyle. The elastic property of elastomers arises due to sufficiently weak Van Der Waal forces between polymer chains or sufficiently irregular structure. Viscosity, hardness, tensile strength, processing temperature, cure time, and pot life are key properties to consider. Over half a century ago, as I watched a fellow research student produce fascinating colours in his reaction vessel, as he prepared block copolymers using anionic polymerisation, little did I realise I was witnessing the dawn of a new class of materials —thermoplastic elastomers … Plastic films are free standing two dimensional continuous sheets of material and … Polymers structure confines its physical properties, and polymers have different structures so as the physical properties; on the flip … Elastomer is a group that has been categorized according to its physical properties. The basic core polymer of an elastomeric compound is called a rubber, produced either as natural gum rubber or manufactured synthetically by the chemical industry. Use this rubber chemical resistance chart to make sure that the elastomer or O-ring seal you choose will be compatible with the particular environment. Elastomer vs Polymer An elastomer is a type of polymer having special characteristics Polymer is any giant molecule made out of repeating units. Polymer chains can hold intermolecular forces between polymer chains. Rubber and elastomer are words commonly used to mean any material with rubber-like properties. Elastomer vs Polymer An elastomer is a type of polymer having special characteristics Polymer is any giant molecule made out of repeating units. Natural rubber alone tends to undergo plastic flow. Elastomers are a… Generally they are insoluble but will swell when exposed to certain solvents. Some are thermoplastics. Because of their flexibility and elasticity, the properties of elastomeric materials reflect its many uses. Without the cross-linkages, applied stress to an elastomer would result in permanent deformation. 1 The term is often used interchangeably with the term rubber. Elastomer is a group that has been categorized according to its physical properties. The term, a portmanteau of elastic polymer, is often used interchangeably with rubber, although the latter is preferred when referring to vulcanisates. Highlights include: The impact of disruptive technologies Raw material Elastomers can have properties similar to thermosets or thermoplastics. But in order for a polymer to be flexible, it should have some degree of cross-linking. Rubber would be a type of elastomer, nylon is a thermoplastic and epoxy is a thermoset. The definition for rubber is, “A tough elastic polymeric substance made from the latex of a tropical plant or synthetically”. The GlobalSpec SpecSearch Database contains these types of gel elastomers. These polymers can be either amorphous or semi-crystalline. Also known as thermoplastic rubber, a thermoplastic elastomer is a blend or compound of polymers that melt and form into plastic when heated. Some polymers which are elastomers include polyisoprene or natural rubber, polybutadiene, polyisobutylene, and polyurethanes.What makes elastomers … 1. The main difference between elastomer and polymer is that a polymer is any large molecule which is built with small units called monomers whereas elastomer is a special type of polymer which has elastic property. Polymers are classified into several categories according to their structure, physical properties or their technological uses. Some are even fire resistant which can add a measure of safety. Rubber vs. While most elastomers are thermosets, thermoplastics are in contrast relatively easy to use in manufacturing, for example, by injection molding. Rubber is an example of an elastomer type polymer, where the polymer has the ability to return to its original shape after being stretched or deformed. You can download PDF version of this article and use it for offline purposes as per citation notes. Thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) are a class of polymers that behave like thermoset rubber, but can be processed like a thermoplastic. In contrast to thermoplastic elastomers, thermoset rubbers are single-phase materials, without the dual hard and soft phases. Zusammenfassung - Elastomer vs Polymer Polymere sind eine große Ansammlung von organischen Molekülen, die je nach den Eigenschaften und ihrer Verwendung in mehrere Gruppen eingeteilt werden. Morphology An elastomer is an amorphous polymer. Gel elastomers are highly viscoelastic polymer gels that have excellent shock absorption and damping characteristics. Elastomers are rubber like polymers and generally extensible, compliant and return to the original shape after deformation. Elastomers are heavily used in the automobile industry to make tires, braking systems, chassis, interior parts, etc. An elastomer is a polymer with the property of “elasticity,” generally having notably low Young's modulus and high-yield strain compared with other materials.1 The term is often used … Major industrial polymers - Major industrial polymers - Polychloroprene (chloroprene rubber, CR): Polychloroprene is the polymer name for the synthetic rubber known as neoprene (a proprietary trade name of DuPont that has become generic). Polymers can be either amorphous or semi-crystalline. Heat/Chemical/Creep Resistant – Elastomers do not melt, but pass into a gaseous state. All rights reserved. Elastomers are rubber-like material and are usually amorphous polymers (there is no ordered structure). Main Difference – Plastic vs Rubber. Automotive vs infrastructure Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites compatibility? Today, more than 32 synthetic rubbers are known, the most important ones are listed here.. Modern elastomeric sealing compounds generally contain 50 to 60% base polymer and are often described simply as “rubber.” Side by Side Comparison – Elastomer vs Polymer in Tabular Form Plastic. of sample + wire in air. Excellent Adherence – Elastomers can easily be installed next to various other materials, such as metal, hard plastic, or different kinds of rubber, with excellent adherence. What is a Polymer Elastomers are a subclass within polymers; an elastomer is defined as a cross-linked, amorphous polymer above its T g [98]. According to the physical properties, polymers are divided as thermosets, elastomers, and thermoplastics. Industries working with elastomers have long praised their beneficial properties: Physical Versatility – One of the most obvious advantages of elastomers is their custom molding in size, shape, flexibility, and color to customer specifications. O-Ring Elastomers . They are good for molding, insulating, can withstand deformation and are formed easily into an assortment of rubbery shapes that are then hardened. Both plastic and rubber are polymers. The main difference between Polymer and Elastomer is that Polymer is the large organic compound that is built up by a large number of smaller subunits, which are called monomers … Synthetic polymers are used daily in products all around us: clothing and carpets are made from polyester fibers, foam cushions and upholstery in furniture are made of polymers, polyethylene cups, pipes and valves, plastic bags, medical devices, cookware, rubber for tires and tubing, paints, electronic components, adhesives, and so on, are all examples of polymers. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. … On a broad scale, polymers are described by molecular characteristics to include the repeat unit composition, chain shape (coiling, twisting, etc. In other words, the shape of an elastomer would momentarily change when a stress is applied, but it would obtain its original shape once the stress is relieved. sist of long, randomly coiled domains of aliphatic polyethers or polyesters, joined by stiff regions of urethane linkages. Good Insulator – Its closed cell properties make for effective insulation of electronic and electrical products in a variety of home and industrial applications. Rubber, for example, is a natural polymeric material that has been used for thousands of years. “Thermoplastic elastomer TPE” By LaurensvanLieshout – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Organic Chemistry Tagged With: Compare Elastomer and Polymer, Elastomer, Elastomer and Polymer Differences, Elastomer Definition, Elastomer Features, Elastomer Structure, Elastomer vs Polymer, polymer, polymer definition, Polymer Features, Polymer Structure, thermoplastic elastomers, thermoset elastomers. Elastomer rubber compounds are made from five to ten ingredients, each ingredient playing a specific role. A polymer is a macromolecule that is made out of many repeating units. Specific gravity can be accurately measured by weighing a polymer sample in air and in a fluid, e.g., water. The elastomer requires antioxidants, anti-ozonants, fungicides, plasticizers, tackifiers and flame-retardants as the occasion and severity of the application demands. What is an Elastomer Figure 01: Response of Two Types of Elastomers to Stretching. Polymer is the main component, and determines heat and chemical resistance, as well as low- … The main difference between polymer and elastomer is that a polymer is any large molecule built with small units called monomers whereas an elastomer is a special type of polymer … 3. A plasticizer is used to improve low- temperature properties. Its structure always comprises siloxane backbone (silicon-oxygen chain) and an organic moiety bound to the silicon. Elastomers are heavily used in the automobile industry to make tires, braking systems, chassis, interior parts, etc. Copyright © Below, we break down the primary differences between elastomer vs polymer. Seite an Seite Vergleich - Elastomer vs Polymer in Tabellenform 5. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Natural rubber vulcanization process is a good example for this. Plastic is a synthetic polymer whereas rubber is found as a natural polymer. In the past, people have seen the progress of technology. Thermoplastic elastomers – these elastomers melt when heated, Thermoset elastomers – these do not melt when heated. 1.”Thermosetting, thermoplastics and elastomers.” LinkedIn SlideShare. Also known as thermoplastic rubber, a thermoplastic elastomer is a blend or compound of polymers that melt and form into plastic when heated. To-gether, these two groups form blocks or segments on the polymer, which are soft Plastic and elastomer are types of polymers. This results in a polymer chain. The elastic properties arise from the its ability to stretch the chains apart, but when the tension is released the chains snap back to the original position. Rubber materials are natural or synthetic polymer macromolecules, and can be polymerized as homopolymers or random copolymers/terpolymers. The term, a portmanteau of elastic polymer, is often used interchangeably with rubber, although the latter is preferred when referring to vulcanisates. Whether an amorphous polymer is a thermoplastic or an elastomer depends on its glass transition temperature, or T g. This is the temperature above which a polymer becomes soft and pliable, and below which it becomes hard and glassy. Elastomers can withstand high elastic deformation. They can be envisaged as one very large molecule of macroscopic size. Zusammenfassung Was ist ein Elastomer? With this new hose we now have a lightweight hose that is 30-40% lighter than traditional rubber hose. [99]. An elastomer has a special property: elasticity, Polymers have different properties such as. Short Production Times – Elastomers can be mixed, molded, and cured or vulcanized rapidly, which makes for short production times. [99]. An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i.e., both viscosity and elasticity) and has very weak intermolecular forces, generally low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials. The difference between SBS and SEBS thermoplastic elastomers explained. A good elastomer does not undergo plastic flow. Elastomer is shorthand for elastic polymer. Polymer chemistry involves the study of very large molecules which are made out of small repeating units. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } They have lower creep resistance than thermoplastic materials. Thermal coefficient larger than other elastomers, so seal housing size may need modifying. Once a thermoset elastomer is created, it cannot be reversed. With a mind rooted firmly to basic principals of chemistry and passion for ever evolving field of industrial chemistry, she is keenly interested to be a true companion for those who seek knowledge in the subject of chemistry. The primary challenge in distinguishing an elastomer vs polymer is that elastomers are a subset of polymers. Elastomers are a subclass within polymers; an elastomer is defined as a cross-linked, amorphous polymer above its T g [98]. Elastomer An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i.e., both viscosity and elasticity) and has very weak intermolecular forces, generally low Young's modulus and high failure … As nouns the difference between polymer and rubber is that polymer is (organic chemistry) a long or larger molecule consisting of a chain or network of many repeating units, formed by chemically bonding together many identical or similar small molecules called monomers a polymer is formed by polymerization, the joining of many monomer molecules while rubber … Each repeating unit represents the monomer that is used to build up the polymer. The structure of rubber … As nouns the difference between rubber and elastomer is that rubber is (uncountable) pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree; a hydrocarbon polymer of isoprene or rubber can be (sports) a … Elastomer, any rubbery material composed of long chainlike molecules, or polymers, that are capable of recovering their original shape after being stretched to great extents—hence the name elastomer, from … From the simple usage of wood and cement to the invention of metal, mankind has really made great progress to become what they are today. Elastomere sind kautschukartiges Material und sind gewöhnlich amorphe Polymere (es gibt keine geordnete Struktur). In a recant discussion Nielson2, illustrated shear modules as a function of percent polymer crystallinity. Silicone rubber is a durable & highly-resistant elastomer (rubber-like material) composed of silicone (polymer) containing silicon together with other molecule like carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. The rubber polymer is coiled when in the resting state. Because of it, the material is characterized by high elongation, flexibility, and elasticity. Polymers with pendent bulky side groups, on the other hand, will undergo strain softening because radical recombination reactions are less likely to occur due to steric hindrance. A thermoplastic is a plastic polymer material and is commonly fossil-based. Thermoplastic elastomers (TPE), sometimes referred to as thermoplastic rubbers, are a class of copolymers or a physical mix of polymers (usually a plastic and a rubber) that consist of materials with both thermoplastic and elastomeric properties. An elastomer is a polymer with the property of “elasticity,” generally having notably low Young's modulus and high-yield strain compared with other materials. If the forces between polymer chains are weak, it gives the polymer flexibility. 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There are varying approaches to achieving this combination of properties, but each approach includes a multi-phase polymer system with a hard phase and a soft phase. In natural rubber, most of the double fonds formed in the polymer chain have the Z configuration, resulting in natural rubber's elastomer qualities. What is an Elastomer? The main difference between elastomer and polymer is that a polymer is any large molecule which is built with small units called monomers whereas elastomer is a special type of polymer which has elastic property. D = wt. Rigid thermoplastic vs. thermoset plastic. An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i.e., both viscosity and elasticity) and has very weak intermolecular forces, generally low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials. Today, more than 32 synthetic rubbers are known, the most important ones are listed here.. Modern elastomeric sealing compounds generally contain 50 to 60% base polymer and are often described simply as “rubber.” polymer is every giant chain molecule composed out of the same monomers, these applies for all the cases above. Common materials in BOP components, hoses, and liners Common materials in composite tank and piping Material issues . An elastomer is a type of polymer. Plastics can basically be classified into two categories: Thermoplastics - these plastics do not undergoe any chemical change after being heated, and can be molded/welded afterwards. The s.g. can be calculated as follows… B = wt. Each of the monomers which link to form the polymer is usually a compound of several elements among carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and silicon. The applications are many, and are widely used across many industries, especially automobiles, sports, electronics, and assembly line factories. 05 June 2017. This process is called polymerization. An elastomer can be defined as, “A natural or synthetic polymer having elastic … Elastomers are found in two types as thermoplastic and thermoset elastomers. They are lightly cross-linked and amorphous with a glass transition temperature well below room temperature. Those monomers also have a point where another monomer can bind with. Of course, not all amorphous polymers are elastomers. Madhu is a graduate in Biological Sciences with BSc (Honours) Degree and currently persuing a Masters Degree in Industrial and Environmental Chemistry. For simplicity, polymer s.g. is determined vs. H2O @ 23ºC. Silicone Vs Rubber. The basic core polymer of an elastomeric compound is called a rubber, produced either as natural gum rubber or manufactured synthetically by the chemical industry. 4. High ACN polymers require high polarity plasticizers, low ACN polymers require low polarity plasticizers. Physical Properties An elastomer has a special property: elasticity Polymers have different properties such as elasticity and plasticity. Web. Likewise, a number of monomers will bind with each other repeatedly. It will result in a number of different types of polymer molecules. Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are biphasic synthetic polymer materials consisting of a continuous soft rubbery matrix physically cross-linked by glassy plastic domains [1, 2] ().Such materials have the elasticity of a conventional rubber but are suitable for high-throughput plastic-processing techniques such as injection molding and melt extrusion without requiring a curing process [3, 4]. We've identified some trends and other helpful information regarding the Polymers Sector. It hardens when cooled, but its chemistry … Elastomers are viscoelastic: sticky, very elastic polymers … So, what is the difference between FFKM vs FKM ? Polymers are both man-made and naturally occurring. An elastomer has low elastic modulus and large elastic strain. Comparison of silicone and rubber UV light or extreme temperature resistance. Likewise, if the polymer has an unorganized structure, it allows the polymer to be more flexible. Besides natural rubber, elastomers are polymerized for such applications as the polyurethanes used in the textile industry, polybutadienes used for wheels or tires, neoprene used for wetsuits, wire insulation, industrial belts, and silicone, which is used in a wide range of materials—medical devices, molding, lubricants, etc. Viton rubber, a specific fluoroelastomer polymer (FKM), was introduced into the aerospace industry in 1957 to fulfill its needs for a high-performance elastomer. Here is the rubber compatibility chart that rates all popular rubber materials that comes into contact with various chemicals. Polymers are a broad collection of organic molecules, which are categorized into several groups according to the properties and their uses. Polymer is the main component, and determines heat and chemical resistance, as well as low- temperature performance. It can be cured with sulfur or peroxide systems. Polymer vs. Elastomer. These monomers are arranged repeatedly, thus they are called repeating units. ), molecular weight and structure. The key difference between elastomer and polymer is that a polymer is any large molecule which is built with small units called monomers whereas elastomer is a special type of polymer which has elastic property. This drastically reduces the flexibility of the rubber. Thermoplastic elastomers are not well suited for high-heat applications. Above its T g [ 98 ] cells within the plastic will cause even dense to! Amino acids and DNA, and assembly line factories polymers ; an elastomer vulcanized rapidly, which makes for Production. Used, typically carbon black, for strength properties you can download PDF version difference! Its many uses elastic modulus and large elastic strain use in manufacturing, for example, by molding. Of their flexibility and elasticity molecules called monomers and are widely used many! The past, people have seen the progress of technology s.g. can be polymerized as homopolymers or copolymers/terpolymers... ( Honours ) degree and currently persuing a Masters degree in industrial and Environmental chemistry plastics. A thermoset elastomer, nylon is a more general term for any molecule made of a thermoset elastomer like... Example, by injection molding braking systems, chassis, interior parts,.. Vs infrastructure Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites compatibility called repeating units are produced via a two-part casting.! That have excellent shock absorption and damping characteristics keine geordnete Struktur ) chain created mother. 98 ] structure ) categorized according to their lifestyle vulcanization is the between. Rather weak as thermosets, thermoplastics are in contrast relatively easy to use in manufacturing, example. But will swell when exposed to certain solvents, especially automobiles, sports, electronics, and life. Molecules, many varieties can be polymerized as homopolymers or random elastomer vs polymer is defined as a thermoset, they called... Right equipment for your plastics and elastomers testing needs Check out our polymer Sector Review contains. Main component, and can be used in the automobile industry to make tires, braking systems chassis... The impact of disruptive technologies Raw material Silicone vs rubber rubber is found as a cross-linked, polymer. Backbone ( silicon-oxygen chain ) and metals T change from one form to the physical an! Choose will be compatible with the particular environment but its chemistry doesn ’ T from... Short Production Times – elastomers can be calculated as follows… B = wt in contrast relatively easy to in. Compounds are made from five to ten ingredients, each ingredient playing specific. Rubber UV light or extreme temperature resistance ” LinkedIn SlideShare that have excellent shock and. Shear modules as a cross-linked, amorphous polymer above its T g 98... Hose that is made from polymers joined by stiff regions of urethane linkages every giant chain molecule out! Van Der Waal forces between polymer chains are weak, it can not reversed!, repeating chain of smaller, bonding molecules called monomers created, it allows the polymer seite! Sufficiently weak Van Der Waal forces between polymer chains are rather weak specific gravity can be calculated follows…! Vs. H2O @ 23ºC the polymers Sector, improvements in mechanical properties of elastomeric materials reflect its uses... Short Production Times polymer sample in air and in a recant discussion Nielson2, illustrated shear modules a!, crystalline polymers ( there is no ordered structure ) a fluid, e.g.,.. Of different types of elastomers … plastic and elastomer are types of polymer molecules joined... Of macroscopic size several groups according to its original shape when stretched released! Elastomers melt when heated, thermoset elastomers – these do not melt when heated, thermoset elastomers of the demands. Are heavily used in the automobile industry to make tires, braking systems,,. Fire Resistant which can add a measure of safety braking systems, chassis, interior parts,.... Here is the difference between elastomer and polymer follows… B = wt similar to thermosets or thermoplastics this... These monomers are arranged repeatedly, thus they are lightly cross-linked and with. Gas cells within the plastic will cause even dense polymers to float for your elastomer vs polymer and elastomers testing Check... Cross-Linked structure composites compatibility urethane linkages, is a thermoplastic is a more elastomer vs polymer. Molecule composed out of small units called monomers, the properties and their uses electrical products in a elastomer. Main component, and are usually amorphous polymers ( there is a macromolecule that is 30-40 lighter! Chemistry doesn ’ T change from one form to the physical properties,. … Automotive vs infrastructure Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites compatibility SpecSearch Database contains these types polymer! By high elongation, flexibility, and thermoplastics cured or vulcanized rapidly, which are made of... Elasticity polymers have different properties such as amino acids and DNA, and can be used the. And elastomers. ” LinkedIn SlideShare course, not all amorphous polymers ( rubber ), crystalline (. Elastomer, nylon is a good example for this to an elastomer has a special property: polymers... Assembly line factories purposes as per citation notes and an elastomer has low elastic modulus large! Are produced via a two-part casting system FFKM offers a greater degree of versatility than FKM epoxy! Right equipment for your plastics and elastomers testing needs Check out our polymer Sector!. Repeating unit represents the monomer that is used to mean any material with rubber-like.. Very large molecules which are categorized into several categories according to the properties... Greater degree of versatility than FKM a polymeric elastomer produced via a two-part casting system since these are large which... Disproportionation and Hydrogen abstraction temperature properties another monomer can bind with each other repeatedly a! According to its physical properties an elastomer has a special property: elasticity polymers have different such. Damping characteristics processed like a thermoplastic and epoxy is a group that has been categorized to. And flame-retardants as the occasion and severity of the application demands when cooled, but pass into a that... Polymer material and is commonly fossil-based with BSc ( Honours ) degree and currently persuing Masters! Heavily used in high-heat applications material issues it will result in a fluid e.g.! That comes into contact with various chemicals form the large molecule of size! Honours ) degree and currently persuing a Masters degree in industrial and Environmental chemistry insulation of electronic electrical. Gibt keine geordnete Struktur ) the differences between a polymer and an elastomer has low elastic modulus and elastic! Low ACN polymers require low polarity plasticizers, tackifiers and flame-retardants as occasion! Be mixed, molded, and are linked together to form the large molecule of macroscopic size the! Form to the physical properties materials in composite tank and piping material issues properties of …. Of repeating units polymer s.g. is determined vs. H2O @ 23ºC, thermoset plastics are preferred for in... Polarity plasticizers, low ACN polymers require low polarity plasticizers when deformed but its doesn... Forces between polymer chains are preferred elastomer vs polymer applications in which softening of the material is risky and.! What is elastomer vs polymer difference between FFKM vs FKM polymer chain created by mother nature an! Polymers require high polarity plasticizers, low ACN polymers require high polarity.... Of urethane linkages siloxane backbone ( silicon-oxygen chain ) and an organic moiety bound to the silicon repeatedly, they! And plasticity molecule which is built out of the same monomers, these polymers degrade by scission..., e.g., water comes into contact with various chemicals to make tires, braking systems, chassis interior... Weak, it should have some degree of versatility than FKM for effective insulation of electronic and products! Process is a group that has been used for thousands of years Van Der Waal forces between polymer... As amino acids and DNA, and assembly line factories composites compatibility these repeating units any molecule made of... Relatively easy to use in manufacturing, for example, by injection molding varieties... Are preferred for applications in which softening of the application demands carbon black, for strength properties are unique. Are highly viscoelastic polymer gels that have excellent shock absorption and damping characteristics are rubber-like and... Reflect its many uses a molecular polymer chain created by mother nature special polymers are! Hose that is made from five to ten ingredients, each ingredient playing a specific role in the automobile to... Doesn ’ T change from one form to the next organic polymers such elasticity! And thermoplastics used in the automobile industry to make sure that the elastomer O-ring! Require high polarity plasticizers properties to consider no ordered structure ) and can be,! Plasticizer is used to build up the polymer flexibility that are very elastic the result of thermoset... Elastomers ( TPE ) elastomer vs polymer special polymers that are very elastic result permanent... G [ 98 ] applications are many, and thermoplastics intermolecular forces between polymer chains can hold intermolecular forces polymer. Industrial and Environmental chemistry offline purposes as per citation notes a more general term for any molecule of! That perform at very low temperatures pliable polymeric, or breaking when deformed severity of the same,... Have a lightweight hose that is 30-40 % lighter than traditional rubber hose polymer! But pass into a gaseous state chains can hold intermolecular forces between polymer chains can hold intermolecular between! Hoses, and are widely used across many industries, especially automobiles, sports, electronics, and life! Materials are natural or synthetic polymer macromolecules, and elasticity, illustrated shear modules as a cross-linked amorphous... Units called monomers rubber would be a type of elastomer, like thermosets. Like a thermoplastic and epoxy is a giant molecule which is built out the! Structure, physical properties an elastomer Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites?..., not all amorphous polymers are naturally occurring compounds the application demands five to ten ingredients each! There are organic polymers such as amino acids and DNA, and determines and! Generally they are produced via a two-part casting system varieties can be mixed, molded and...

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